Bologna is an old university city with lavish porticoed walkways and squares, fine historic buildings, and an interesting medieval center. Bologna is known for its beauty, great cuisine, and its left-wing politics. Bologna is home to the former Italian communist party and its newspaper, L'Unita, and has an active gay community. Bologna can be visited any time of the year although it may be pretty cold in winter and hot in summer.
Bologna is the capital of the Emilia-Romagna region in northern Italy. Bologna is less than an hour inland from the east coast and about halfway between Florence and Milan. See Emilia-Romagna Map. Nearby cities of interest include Modena and Ravenna.
Bologna is a main transportation hub for several train lines with easy access to Milan, Venice, Florence, Rome, and both coasts. Bologna's historic center is a short walk from the train station but you can also take a bus. Most of the compact historic center is closed to traffic and is great for walking. There is good public transportation in the rest of Bologna. There is a small airport outside Bologna (see Italy Airports Map).
Bologna Tourist Information:
Bologna's large tourist information office is at Piazza Maggiore, 1. They have lots of maps and information about Bologna and the region. Two organizations give 2-hour guided walks in English from the tourist office. There are also small branches at the train station and airport.
Here are the Bologna top-rated hotels based on guest ratings on Venere, a hotel booking site I often use. Venere has guest reviews, hotel descriptions and photos, and maps showing hotel locations. See all the Bologna hotels on Venere.
Bologna Food Specialities:
Handmade egg pasta and stuffed pasta, especially tortellini, are specialties of Bologna and of course, there is the famous spaghetti alla bolognese, with a long cooked meat sauce. Bologna is also known for its salami and ham. The cuisine of the Emilia-Romagna region is some of the best in Italy.
Bologna has several summer entertainment options in July and August. There is a daily open-air disco in Parco Cavaioni on the outskirts of the city and the city-sponsored Bologna Sogna series, with concerts at museums and buildings around town. During the rest of the year, there is lots of nightlife for young people in the university area.
- Bologna's compact medieval center has several beautiful churches, monuments, and civic buildings. Bologna's many porticoed sidewalks make for pleasant walking and window shopping.
- Piazza Maggiore is one of Bologna's central squares, lined with arcades. It's a good place to sit at an outdoor cafe. Around the square are the Gothic Basilica of San Petronio, the Palazzo dei Notai, and the Archeological Museum.
- Piazza del Nettuno, next to Piazza Maggiore, another of Bologna's main squares, has an ornate 16th-century fountain in the center and is surrounded by medieval civic buildings. Go inside the library and admire its beautiful interior.
- Via Clavatura, east of the squares, has a number of small, interesting food stalls.
- You can climb the steep staircase to the top of Torre degli Asinelli, one of only a few surviving medieval towers, for a great view of Bologna. Torre degli Asinelli and another leaning tower are in Piazza Porta Ravegnana where seven medieval streets converge.
- In Piazza Santo Stefano you will find an unusual cluster of four interlocking Romanesque churches. The oldest, the church of SS. Vitale e Agricola, has parts of Roman temples and columns. There is also an interesting courtyard with a maze of little chapels.
- The Pinacoteca Nazionale is one of Italy's best galleries with several important works of art.
- The University, one of Europe's oldest, is worth a visit. Palazzo Poggi has two interesting museums. Sometimes you will see student demonstrations or lively graduation celebrations.